关于质量和能量的本质的讨论——兼论质量和能量的不变性和守恒性
    Discussion on the Essence of Mass and En-ergy—And on the Invariance and Conservation of Mass and Energy

  • 全文下载: PDF(489KB)    PP.1-11   DOI: 10.12677/HANSPrePrints.2019.41030  
  • 下载量: 314  浏览量: 590  

作者:  

涂润生:中国,湖北省黄冈市体育路40号

关键词:
质-能相当性活跃程度能量定义质量的本质电子自旋算符质-速关系Mass-Energy Equivalence Activity Level Energy Definition Essence of Mass Electron Spin Operator Mass-Velocity Relationship

摘要:

量子场论被认为是比较好的理论,但是,它仍然不能描述电子自旋的具体形式以及康普顿物质波的本质。现有的能量定义是在质能相当观念形成之前给出的,体现了质量的地位高于能量的精神。这与质-能相当有冲突。如果确立能量的主导地位,能量的定义就是“能量是表征活跃程度的物理量”。与此同时,质量的本质是“能量集结体在引力和惯性方面的表现”。根据“质-能相当”可知,凡能量不变的场合质量也不变,能量守恒质量也守恒。根据电磁辐射能构成电子的事实导出了电子自旋角动量算符,计算出了电子半径,揭示了电子结构和电子自旋的具体形式。假定电子的康普顿波长对应的波是真实的圆偏振光波,光结电子结构模型就是这种假设的反映,且根据电子内禀运动模式可计算出康普顿波长。根据“质-能相当”可严格地导出新型质量-速度关系。

Quantum field theory is considered to be a good theory, but it still can not describe the specific form of electron spin and the nature of Compton matter wave. The existing definition of energy is given before the formation of the concept of mass-energy equivalence, which embodies the spirit that mass is more important than energy. This has a certain conflict with mass-energy equivalence. If the dominant position of energy is established, the definition of energy is that “energy is a physical quantity that represents the level of activity”. At the same time, the essence of mass is “the ex-pression of gravitation and inertia of energy aggregate”. under the premise of mass-energy equiv-alence, the mass does not change when the energy is unchanged, and the mass is conservation when the energy is conservation. Based on the fact that electromagnetic radiation can form electrons, the angular momentum operator of electron spin is derived, the electron radius is calculated, and the electronic structure and the specific form of electron spin are revealed. Assuming that the wave corresponding to the Compton wavelength of an electron is a real circularly polarized light wave, the model of electronic structure of light knot is the reflection of this hypothesis, and the Compton wavelength can be calculated by the intrinsic motion mode of electrons. According to “mass-energy equivalence”, a new mass-velocity relationship can be derived strictly.

文章引用:
涂润生. 关于质量和能量的本质的讨论——兼论质量和能量的不变性和守恒性[J]. 汉斯预印本, 2019, 4(1): 1-11. https://doi.org/10.12677/HANSPrePrints.2019.41030

参考文献

[1] Runsheng Tu. (2018) Quantum Mechanics’ Return to Local Realism. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Newcastle upon Tyne. 175-192.
[2] Hans Dehmelt. (1988) A single Atonic Particle Forever Floating at Rest in Free Space: New Value for Electron Radius. Phys. Scr. 22, 102-110.
[3] 赵国求. 电子大小的估算与测量[J]. 现代物理知识, 1993, 5(2) : 42-46.
[4] R, T, Weidner R, L, Sells 著,汤发宇 译. 近代物理学基础[M]. 北京,高等教育出版社. 1983: 116.
[5] 涂润生. 吹响科学革命的号角[M]. 香港, 光大出版社. 2010: 119.